Administrative divisions of the Maldives
The Maldives consists of atolls, coral reefs and low-lying coral islands. There are 22 geographical atolls comprising of about islands which are divided into 20 . The atolls of the Maldives form a quite regular chain and, especially in the northern and central atolls, an arrayed structure is apparent. There are broad and deep channels in between some atolls.  The origin of the word atoll itself is in the language of the Maldives. "Atoll" (from Dhivehi "atholhu") is now used in many languages worldwide.
Home Asia Maldives Administrative divisions of the Maldives. Information was not check the site moderator! In addition to a name, every administrative division is identified by the Maldivian code letters, such as "Haa Alif" for Thiladhunmati Uthuruburi Thiladhunmathi North ; how to fit a wooden venetian blind by a Latin code letter.
The first corresponds to the geographical Maldivian name of the atoll. The second is a code adopted for convenience. It began in order to facilitate radio communication between the atolls and the central administration. As there are certain islands in different atolls that have the same name, for administrative purposes this code is quoted before the name of the island, for example: Baa Funadhoo, Kaafu Funadhoo, Gaafu-Alifu Funadhoo.
Since most Atolls have very long geographical names it is also used whenever the long name is inconvenient, for example in the atoll website names. This code denomination has been very much abused by foreigners who did not understand the proper use of these names and have ignored the Maldivian true names in publications for tourists.
Maldivians may use the letter adminostrative name in colloquial conversation, but in serious geographic, historical or cultural writings, the true geographical name always takes precedence. The Latin code letter is normally used in boat registration plates. The letter stands for the atoll and the inn for the island. The administrative head of each island is the Island Chief Katheebappointed by the President. The Island Chief's immediate superior is the Atoll Chief. The introduction of code-letter names has been a source of much puzzlement and misunderstandings, especially among foreigners.
Many people have come to think that the code-letter of the administrative atoll is its atklls name and that it has replaced its geographical name. Under such circumstances it is hard to know which is the correct name to use.
This is a list of islands of the Maldives. There are around 1, in total. They are listed by administrative division/atoll. The islands are divided into: Inhabited islands- those officially recognised as towns, villages, fishing and farming communities with permanent human habitation.
Also showing the diverse features of a typical island lagoon, reefs etc. Islands Reclaimed area of an Island. Maldives is a group of islands in the Indian Ocean not very far from India. The people of Maldives are called Maldivians and their language is known as "Dhivehi". The Maldives consists of atolls, coral reefs and low-lying coral islands. There are 22 geographical atolls comprising of about islands which are divided into 20 administrative units.
Not all islands are inhabited. In fact only about islands are inhabited. The rest are used for various activities the most important of which is tourism. For politicians and environmentalists around the world, the Maldives is perhaps better known as islands drowning with the rising sea levels as a result of global warming.
For reef scientists, the Maldives is known as one of the wonders of the world in terms of biodiversity, marine life and reef formations. The peculiarity of Maldivian atolls and their unique formation was so intriguing that early reef scientists and geographers decided to borrow the Maldivian term " atholhu " which is now used as " atoll " in the English language. So unique and well known are the atolls of Maldives which apparently has evolved in a decidedly non-Darwinian fashion according to findings of modern research.
The word atoll atholhu has both administrative and geographical meanings in the Maldives. It comprises of 22 natural atolls and some islands. The total length of the chain is km north to south and km east to west forming a double chain in the center.
The physical setting of the Maldivian atolls vary from open structures with numerous faros ring-shaped reefs , patches and knolls in the atoll lagoon and around the rim e. Faros are ring shaped reefs emerging during tidal low water each with their own sandy lagoon and are separated by deep channels. They generally have a rim of living coral consisting of branched and massive types.
Patches rise to 40 meters above the lagoon floor and are topped by robust wave-breaking corals. Knolls do not reach the surface and often support profuse coral growth, as do the reefs associated with many of the islands.
In geological time the filling up of the lagoons of faros and rim reefs by reef sediments has resulted in the formation of reef islands. The geomorphology of these islands vary tremendously in different atolls and is influenced by a variety of factors such as location, climate, currents, tides, sea level change and also human factors.
The islands are thought to be situated on top of layer of beach rock about 1m thick , underlying the islands at about 30 cm to 60m above present mean sea level.
At the edges of the islands the beach rock dips slightly seawards and forms a platform on which the beach sediments are seasonally transported around the islands. Within the atolls, the water depth is about meters. The Maldives has a total area of 90, sq. The total land area is about sq. Only three islands have an area greater than 4 sq. The islands are made up of coralline sand and have a very low elevation on the average they are no more than 2 meters above sea level.
The soil is highly alkaline, the water table is high and vegetation is sparse. Main vegetation types are coconut palms, salt resistant plants and mangroves. Climate and Oceanography. The climate is of Maldives is totally governed by the monsoons. There are two monsoons - the south west and the north east monsoons.
The south west monsoon May - Oct brings rain and the seas are moderate to rough during the SW monsoon winds. The north east monsoon Nov - April are marked by calmer and dry conditions. Surface currents and winds, humidity and rainfall and temperature and salinity are strongly effected by the monsoons. The absence of rivers and runoffs mean that sediments from inland sources are almost nil and hence the waters around Maldives are very clear and exhibit ideal conditions for coral growth.
The Maldives is located outside the normal cyclonic zones and thus violent storms are rarely been experienced. Spring tides range from 0. Tides are semi diurnal sometimes mixed. Population and Economy. The islands have population of about , scattered over islands. Being a country with more territorial sea than dry land, the Maldivians depend on resources almost entirely from the sea. The coral reefs which built the country play a vital role in the economic and social well-being of the country.
Fishing and tourism are the two main industries of Maldives. Both these industries are very healthy with good potential growth rates. They rely on healthy reefs for their existence. The majority of fish caught are tuna and tuna-related species. Other reef dependent species of fish and invertebrates are also exploited.
Fishery production increased from 82, MT in to over , MT in The reef fishery especially for the live food fish has increased tremendously from , nos. Total fish production in was , MT of which reef fish landing for was 14, MT.
Income from tourism in amounted to 70 mill dollars. About 70 uninhabited islands are developed as tourist resorts and in there have been more than , visitors. Visitors are constrained by the number of beds available. Industrial activities specially those relating to fishing and tourism are being developed in many atolls.
Usually one island is developed for a particular economic activity. Tourist resorts and fish processing facilities are examples of such development. Over 70 tourist resorts are developed in 7 Atolls. Laamu Atoll has also been declared as an industrial zone. Reef Fisheries. The reef fishery in the Maldives is expanding rapidly.
In the late eighties and early nineties new reef fisheries activities developed. These were mainly export oriented e. The grouper fishery which started in has increased dramatically. Due to high prices paid for groupers the fishery has expanded in a short period of time and its wide spread. There are already signs of over exploitation. Groupers are exported live and frozen. Fishing can be carried out virtually anywhere by the local fishermen. There are few restrictions as to where fishermen can fish except only in resorts and MPA's.
Concerns have been raised on the sustainable exploitation of reef fish resources and plans are underway to demarcate zones for reef fishing. Reef resources that are under pressure from over exploitation include giant clams, sea cucumbers, groupers, certain reef sharks, turtles, and corals. Management measures are being implemented to alleviate the pressure on these populations and reef resources in general. State of the Environment. The marine environment is critical to the natural and cultural heritage of the Maldives.
Marine areas support a great diversity of plants and animals. Marine ecosystems and resources are fundamental to the sustainable development of the country providing food, construction materials and a vast range of other products. Apart from supporting a growing tourism and recreation industry, marine ecosystems also play a vital role in fisheries, and in the culture and life style of people in Maldives.
For sustainable development it is important that coral islands are developed with minimal impact to the marine environment displaying natural habitats and the traditional life style of people. Development undoubtedly effects the environment and bio diversity in a negative manner. Maldives is no exception. The traditional life style of the people had almost negligible impact on the marine environment, but recent socio-economic developments have led to marked deterioration of the environment.
With the increase in population growth and increased wealth from tourism and fishing, the pace of development have increased at a significant rate in the country, during the last two decades. The need for land led to land reclamation programmes. Harbors are dredged to facilitate economic growth in islands.
The demand for building materials in the form of coral nodules has increased steadily and coral mining has become a major environmental concern in the country. In addition to this the country is faced with localized environmental impacts as a result of tourism and waste discharges. Tourism, reef fishing, coral mining, dredging, reclamation and the construction of maritime structures and pollution do have impacts on the environment. Both tourism and fishing which represent the main industries in the Maldives rely heavily on coral reefs.
Atolls of Maldives. Introduction Maldives is a group of islands in the Indian Ocean not very far from India. Climate and Oceanography The climate is of Maldives is totally governed by the monsoons. Population and Economy The islands have population of about , scattered over islands. Reef Fisheries The reef fishery in the Maldives is expanding rapidly. State of the Environment The marine environment is critical to the natural and cultural heritage of the Maldives.