What can cause a urinary tract infection

what can cause a urinary tract infection

Signs and Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

Urinary tract infections are caused by microorganisms — usually bacteria — that enter the urethra and bladder, causing inflammation and infection. Though a UTI most commonly happens in the urethra and bladder, bacteria can also travel up the ureters and infect your kidneys. Nov 06,  · The vast majority of urinary tract infections (UTIs) are caused by the bacterium Escherichia coli (E. coli), usually found in the digestive system. .

Getting a urinary tract infection is the worst. Flores-Mireles AL, et al. Urinary tract infections: Epidemiology, mechanisms of infection and treatment options. DOI: Here are the sneaky what it means to be ethical that up your risk of getting a dreaded UTI. While all this may sound pretty doom-and-gloom, you can reduce your risk of a UTI by avoiding some of the causes.

Bacteria that cause UTIs love feeding on sugar, so you run the risk of providing a feast for them whenever your sweet tooth strikes.

Kalas V, et al. Structure-based discovery of glycomimetic FmlH ligands as inhibitors of bacterial adhesion during urinary tract infection. Some foods and beverages, like coffee, booze, and chocolatecan also irritate your delicate urinary tract and exacerbate an existing UTI. Nitzan O, et al. Urinary tract infections in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: Review of prevalence, diagnosis, and management. S Scientists suggest the increased risk may be related to a compromised immune system, incomplete bladder emptying, or fluctuations in blood sugar.

Wiping from back to front can transport E. Moral of the story: Always wipe from front to back. Al-Badr A, et al. Recurrent urinary tract infections management in women: A review. The more sex you have, the likelier it is you might get a UTI, Minkin says. Hickling DR, et al. Management of recurrent urinary tract infections in healthy adult women.

When it comes to UTI prevention, not all birth control methods are created equal. Luckily, only one method is associated with UTIs: a diaphragm.

Because of where the diaphragm sits, it puts pressure on the urethra, which might lead to an increased risk, says Minkin. The good news? There are plenty of other great birth control options. Hold up! Hear us out before you throw out your love gloves. Although you should always practice safer sexunlubricated condoms can increase the risk of UTIs, possibly because of increased irritation to the vagina during sexual activity.

And using spermicide with diaphragms and condoms can increase your risk even more. Guzzling H 2 O will make you go pretty often. Consider that your cue to make a giant water bottle your BFF. Hooton TM, et al. Effect of increased daily water intake in premenopausal women with recurrent urinary tract infections: A randomized clinical trial. The meds you take to manage symptoms could be. And — see No. Habak PJ, et al. Urinary tract infection in pregnancy. And now a brief note about reproductive parts: Although people with penises do get UTIs, people what is a linear foot vs square foot vaginas are more at risk.

It all boils down to the anatomy, Minkin says. Bacteria that cause UTIs often make their way from the back door to the front and then up the urethra to wreak havoc on the urinary system. Because the male reproductive system has a longer urethra than the female reproductive system, the bacteria have farther to travel, which makes it more difficult for a UTI to develop.

Treatment involves antibiotics. Antibiotics typically clear up the infection within a few days. So if you feel any of the un-fun symptoms coming on or notice cloudy or pink peesee your doc, stat.

Plus, your doctor may offer solutions for prevention tailored to your unique health situation. But how do I let it go? Low impact cardio exercises can be just as effective, without all the stress and strain. Medically reviewed by Elaine K. Luo, M. Causes of UTIs. Risk factors for urinary tract infections. Treatment for UTIs. What can cause a urinary tract infection this next.

Who's at risk for UTIs?

The most common cause of UTI is infection with Escherichia coli (nicefreedatingall.com) bacteria. nicefreedatingall.com bacteria normally live in the colon, and sometimes they get into the urinary tract. Urinary tract infections can also be caused by sexually transmitted infections that spread into the urethra and cause urethritis. Herpes, gonorrhea and chlamydia can all. Most Common- Joint swelling, fracture, liver impairment, decrease in blood potassium level, fluid retention, muscle discomfort, hot flush, diarrhea, urinary tract infection, cough, high blood.

Medically reviewed by Drugs. Last updated on Feb 25, A urinary tract infection is an infection involving the organs that produce urine and carry it out of the body. These structures include the kidneys, ureters long, slender tubes connecting the kidneys with the bladder , bladder and urethra.

Doctors often divide urinary tract infections into two types, lower tract infections and upper tract infections:. Women are affected much more often than men because women have short urethras that allow relatively easy passage of bacteria into the bladder.

Sexual intercourse can cause bacteria to spread upward into the bladder. Also, the use of contraceptive diaphragms and spermicides may change the normal bacterial environment around the urethra and make infection more likely. In pregnant women, temporary changes in the physiology and anatomy of the urinary tract make expectant mothers prime candidates for cystitis and pyelonephritis. Kidney and bladder infections can pose a serious risk to pregnant women and their unborn children, because they increase the risk of premature contractions or delivery and sometimes death of the fetus or newborn infant.

Your doctor will ask you about your symptoms and whether you have had a urinary tract infection before. Your doctor also will ask if you have any other medical problems, such as diabetes, which can make you more likely to develop infections.

You will be asked to give a urine sample, which will be tested in a laboratory to see if it contains bacteria or other signs of infection. Your urine sample also may be sent to the laboratory to identify the specific type of bacteria and the specific antibiotics that can be used to eliminate the bacteria.

If you have a fever or other symptoms of an upper tract infection, your doctor may order a blood test to determine your white blood cell count. A high white cell count indicates infection. The blood can also be tested for bacterial growth.

This is called a blood culture. In people with symptoms of a severe kidney infection or frequent episodes of lower or upper urinary tract infections, additional testing may be needed, such as:. With proper treatment, most uncomplicated urinary tract infections can be cured in two to three days. It may take several days for the symptoms of a kidney infection to completely go away. Doctors treat lower and upper urinary tract infections with antibiotics.

Laboratory testing can determine the best antibiotic for treatment. Most uncomplicated lower tract infections are treated with a three-day course of antibiotics, although women who are pregnant, or who have diseases such as diabetes that suppress the immune system, usually need to take antibiotics for longer. People with upper tract infections are usually treated with a 10 to 14 day course of antibiotic therapy.

Those with severe upper tract infections may require hospital treatment with antibiotics given through a vein intravenously. This is especially true if nausea, vomiting and fever increase the risk of dehydration and prevent the person from taking oral antibiotics. Call your doctor if you have frequent urination, an intense urge to urinate, discomfort during urination or other symptoms of a urinary tract infection. You also should seek medical attention if you have symptoms of a kidney infection, such as fever, nausea, vomiting and pain in the side or back.

It is especially important for any pregnant woman who has symptoms of an upper or lower urinary tract infection to call her doctor immediately. If a woman has three or more episodes of cystitis within one year and the structure or anatomy of the urinary tract is normal, her doctor may prescribe a special antibiotic regimen to decrease the risk of future infections.

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. Doctors often divide urinary tract infections into two types, lower tract infections and upper tract infections: Lower tract infections — Infection of the bladder is called cystitis bladder infection. Bacteria normally found in the intestine are the main cause of lower urinary tract infections.

These bacteria spread from the anus to the urethra and bladder, where they grow, invade the tissue and cause infection. Upper tract infections — These involve the ureters and kidneys. These infections are called pyelonephritis or kidney infections. Upper urinary tract infections usually occur because bacteria travel up from the bladder into the kidney. Sometimes, they occur when bacteria travel from other areas of the body through the bloodstream and settle in the kidney.

Symptoms Lower and upper tract infections can cause one or more of the following symptoms: Unusually frequent urination An intense urge to urinate Pain, discomfort or a burning sensation during urination Pain, pressure or tenderness in the area of the bladder midline, above or near the pubic area Urine that looks cloudy, or smells foul or unusually strong Fever, with or without chills Nausea and vomiting Pain in the side or mid-to-upper back Waking from sleep to pass urine Bedwetting in a person who has usually been dry at night Diagnosis Your doctor will ask you about your symptoms and whether you have had a urinary tract infection before.

In people with symptoms of a severe kidney infection or frequent episodes of lower or upper urinary tract infections, additional testing may be needed, such as: A computed tomography CT scan of your kidneys and urinary system An ultrasound exam Cystoscopy, an examination in which your doctor checks the inside of your bladder using a thin, hollow telescope-like instrument. Expected Duration With proper treatment, most uncomplicated urinary tract infections can be cured in two to three days.

Prevention To help prevent urinary tract infections: Drink several glasses of water each day. Fluids discourage the growth of bacteria by flushing out your urinary tract. Drinking cranberry juice may deter bacterial growth by decreasing the ability of bacteria to stick to the urethra. Wipe from front to back.

To prevent the spread of intestinal bacteria from the rectum to the urinary tract, women always should wipe toilet tissue from front to the back after having a bowel movement. Decrease the spread of bacteria during sex. Urinate after sexual intercourse to flush bacteria from your urethra. If you keep getting infections, you should talk to your doctor about using antibiotics after sex to lower the risk of developing urinary tract infections.

Treatment Doctors treat lower and upper urinary tract infections with antibiotics. When To Call A Professional Call your doctor if you have frequent urination, an intense urge to urinate, discomfort during urination or other symptoms of a urinary tract infection.

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