Presidency of Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton taught at the University of Arkansas School of Law. He served as attorney general and then governor of Arkansas, and he became the U.S. president in After his presidency, Clinton remained active in politics and was a popular speaker on the lecture circuit. He . Jun 06, · Bill Clinton (), the 42nd U.S. president, served in office from to Prior to that, the Arkansas native and Democrat was governor of his home state. During Clinton’s time in .
Bill Clintonthe 42nd U. Prior to that, the Arkansas native and Democrat was governor of his home state. Clinton appointed a number of women and minorities to top government posts, including Janet Reno, the first female U. Inthe House of Representatives impeached Clinton on charges related to a sexual relationship he had with a White House intern. He was acquitted by the Senate. Following his presidency, Clinton remained active in public life. His only sibling, Roger Clinton Jr.
Clinton went on to earn a degree from Georgetown University in Afterward, he attended Oxford University on a Rhodes scholarship. Inhe received a degree from Yale Law School. At Yale, Clinton started dating fellow law student Hillary Rodham InClinton, a Democrat, ran for a seat in the U. House of Representatives but lost to his Republican opponent.
On October 11,Clinton and Rodham were married in a small ceremony at their house in Fayetteville, Arkansas. The following year, Bill Clinton was elected attorney general of Arkansas. Inhe was elected governor of the state. That fall, Clinton lost his bid for re-election as governor. Afterward, he joined a Little What did bill clinton do before his presidency law firm.
Inhe won the governorship again, and would remain in that office through After winning the Democratic presidential nomination inClinton, along with vice-presidential nominee Al Gorea U. A third-party candidate, Ross Perotcaptured almost 19 percent of the popular vote. Clinton was inaugurated in January at age 46, making him the third-youngest president in history up to that time.
During his first term, Clinton enacted a variety of pieces of domestic legislation, including the Family and Medical Leave Act and the Violence Against Women Act, along with key bills pertaining to crime and gun violence, education, the environment and welfare reform. He put forth measures to reduce the federal budget deficit and also signed the North American Free Trade Agreement, which eliminated trade barriers between the United States, Canada and Mexico.
He attempted to enact universal health insurance for all Americans, and appointed first lady Hillary Clinton to head the committee charged with creating the plan. Clinton appointed a number of women and minorities to key government posts, including Janet Renowho became the first female U. Inthe administration brokered the Dayton Accords, which ended the war in Bosnia. Clinton ran for re-election in and defeated U.
Senator Bob Dole of Kansas by a margin of electoral votes and with Third-party candidate Ross Perot garnered 8. Inthe president signed legislation establishing permanent normal trade relations with China. Additionally, the Clinton administration helped broker a peace accord in Northern Ireland in On December 19,the U. House of Representatives impeached him for perjury and obstruction of justice in connection with a sexual relationship he had with White House intern Monica Lewinsky between late and early On February 12,the U.
Senate acquitted the president of the charges and he remained in office. Clinton was the second American president to be impeached. The first, Andrew Johnsonwas impeached in and also later acquitted. Clinton Foundation to combat poverty, disease and other global issues.
The William J. He also campaigned for his wife, who was elected to the U. Senate from New York in InHillary Clinton ran for the Democratic presidential nomination but lost to Barack Obamawho named her secretary of state when he became president.
Start your free trial today. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to how to remove unwanted ads on google chrome us! Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. Hillary Rodham Clinton helped define the role of the modern political spouse and was one of the most accomplished first ladies in American history. A trained lawyer, she built a thriving career in the public and private sector, which she balanced with family life Bill was created to help veterans of World War II.
It established hospitals, made low-interest mortgages available and granted stipends covering tuition and expenses for veterans attending college or trade schools. George W. Bush, the 41st U. A graduate of Yale University and Harvard Born in poverty, Andrew Jackson had become a wealthy Tennessee lawyer and rising young politician bywhen war broke out between the United States and Britain. His leadership in that conflict earned Jackson national fame as a military hero, and he would become He assumed office after the death of President William Henry Harrisonwho passed away from pneumonia after just a month in the White House.
Grover Clevelandwho served as the 22nd and 24th U. He is the only president to date who served two nonconsecutive terms, and also the only Democratic president to win election during the period of Republican During his tenure, seven Southern states seceded from the Union and the nation teetered on the brink of civil war.
A Pennsylvania native, Buchanan began his what to feed 7 month old career in his home Live TV.
This Day In History. History Vault. Bill Clinton: First Presidential Term: Clinton was inaugurated in January at age 46, making him the third-youngest president in history up to that time. Bill Clinton. Clinton Denies Sexual Relationship. The "Clinton Apology". Clinton's First Inaugural Address. Hillary Rodham Clinton Hillary Rodham Clinton helped define the role of the modern political spouse and was one of the most accomplished first ladies in American history.
Bush George W. Andrew Jackson Born in poverty, Andrew Jackson had become a wealthy Tennessee lawyer and rising how to make liverwurst pate politician bywhen war broke out between the United States and Britain.
Grover Cleveland Grover Clevelandwho served as the 22nd and 24th U.
Dec 12, · Elected U.S. president in and reelected in , Clinton enacted legislation including the Family and Medical Leave Act and oversaw two terms of economic prosperity. Clinton was impeached by. Bill Clinton. U.S. Department of Defense. In foreign affairs, Clinton ordered a four-day bombing campaign against Iraq in December in response to Iraq’s failure to cooperate fully with United Nations weapons inspectors (the bombing coincided with the start of full congressional debate on Clinton’s impeachment). Economic Leadership and a Stronger Economy. Under President Clinton's leadership, almost 6 million new jobs were created in the first two years of his Administration -- an average of , new jobs every month. In , the economy had the lowest combination of unemployment and inflation in .
William Jefferson Clinton spent the first six years of his life in Hope, Arkansas, where he was born on August 19, His father, William Jefferson Blythe, had died in an auto accident several months before his mother, Virginia Cassidy Blythe, gave birth to the future President. Raised in the home of his grandmother, Edith Cassidy, Bill's early years were dominated by two strong women, who often competed for his attention.
His mother, a vivacious and fun-loving free spirit, was often away from home taking nursing classes in New Orleans. It was during those periods that his grandmother, a temperamental and strong-willed disciplinarian, tried to shape her grandson's character—and taught him to be a very early reader. Bill later remembered loving both women during that time of his life but feeling torn between them as a young mediator of their arguments. In , Bill's mother married Roger Clinton, a car dealer and abusive alcoholic.
The family moved to Hot Springs, Arkansas, a bustling resort town an hour away. She later divorced Roger Clinton when Bill was fifteen, only to remarry him quickly thereafter.
Again, Clinton had to intervene between two adults engaged in violent arguments. As a teenager, Bill excelled in school and showed a passion for politics. He played saxophone in a high school band and especially loved the gospel music of his Baptist faith.
The fun of gambling dens and mineral spas competed for Bill's attention with Baptist churches and politics. But while his mother went to the racetracks on Sunday, Bill attended church, principally to hear the music he loved.
In this small community, Bill was widely recognized as a young man of rare talent and ambition. Hot Springs High School, although a segregated all-white school, stood heads above most public schools in Arkansas. School Principal Johnnie Mae Mackey—another strong woman in Clinton's life—recruited staff committed to producing leaders who thought of personal success in terms of public service.
It was under her mentoring that Clinton was sent to Washington, D. While there, the seventeen-year-old Clinton was captured in a historic photograph shaking hands with his political idol, President John F.
Kennedy, in the White House Rose Garden. That July handshake later symbolized the continuity between the Kennedy s and the Clinton s. Ever since he was child, Clinton's mother had told him that he would some day be President of the United States. The Kennedy handshake left Clinton determined to fulfill her prediction. Virginia Clinton lived to see her son become President, dying in of cancer. An international affairs major, he managed to cover his expenses through scholarships and by working part-time jobs.
At this Catholic-sponsored, well-heeled institution, the student body clearly looked upon Clinton as an outsider from backwoods Arkansas. Although a clique of students running the newspaper discouraged Clinton's efforts to contribute to the school, his energy, dashing good looks, and personal charm pushed him to the top in student government.
He won the presidency of his freshman and sophomore classes. In his junior year, Clinton ran for president of the student council, but lost in a stunning defeat. In attempting to please everybody, Clinton had miscalculated. He looked too political to his peers, and they elected his lesser-known opponent.
Beginning in his junior year, Clinton worked as a clerk for the U. Senate Foreign Relations Committee. At that time, the powerful committee was headed by Senator J.
William Fulbright of Arkansas, a leading critic of U. The experience greatly shaped Clinton's perspective as he came to believe, as did Fulbright, that the United States had no moral or strategic reason for being in Vietnam.
Just prior to his graduation from Georgetown, he won a prized Rhodes scholarship to study at Oxford University in England for two years. However, he faced being drafted for the Vietnam War due to a change in federal policy that eliminated almost all college deferments.
His local draft board in Arkansas, however, allowed him to sail for England. While in England, Clinton received his draft notice. Instead he returned to Oxford, although the evidence is unclear as to whether this was done with the approval of his ROTC contacts. Back in England, Clinton evidently remained conflicted about his decision to avoid the draft, torn between his moral convictions that the war was wrong and his sense of kinship with former classmates who were serving and dying in Vietnam.
In the fall of , he chose to re-subject himself to the draft—doing so, however, at a time when Nixon administration policy seemed to suggest that future call-ups of combat troops would significantly decline. In any event, Clinton's luck held when his birth date in the lottery drew the high number of , distant enough to ensure that he would never be called.
Clinton then wrote a letter to the director of the Arkansas ROTC program thanking him for "saving" him from the draft, explaining that he still loved his country while nevertheless despising the war. In England, Clinton participated in numerous antiwar demonstrations, and both his antiwar activities and his ROTC letter resurfaced years later during his bid for the presidency in Although Clinton remained in the Rhodes Scholar program, making many contacts with students who would later become part of his administration, his Oxford coursework never added up to a degree.
In , Clinton entered Yale Law School, earning his degree in and meeting his future wife, Hillary Rodham, whom he married in During this period he also worked on the U. Senate campaign of Joe Duffy in Connecticut, and toward the end of his studies he managed the Texas campaign of the Democratic presidential nominee George McGovern who lost Texas in the Nixon landslide. After graduation, Clinton moved back to Arkansas with a job teaching law at the University of Arkansas in Fayetteville.
Almost as soon as he arrived home, Clinton threw himself into politics, running for a seat in the U. Although Clinton lost this race, it was the closest election for Hammerschmidt in his twenty-six years in Congress, marking Clinton as a rising political star.
Two years later, Arkansas voters elected Clinton state attorney general. Then in , at age thirty-two, Clinton ran for governor, winning an easy victory and becoming one of the nation's youngest governors ever. However, his youth and inexperience quickly left Arkansans unimpressed.
Governor Clinton had several missteps, including difficulties in handling rioting among Cuban refugees temporarily interned by the federal government at Fort Chaffee, Arkansas. He also raised auto license fees to pay for road construction and alienated the state's powerful timber interests by an unsuccessful intervention in the controversy over the practice of clear-cutting. Consequently, the voters turned him out in favor of Frank White, a little known, freshly minted Republican savings and loan executive.
Clinton became the youngest former governor in American history. Shocked by his defeat, Clinton went to work for a Little Rock law firm but spent most of his time campaigning for reelection. In the race, Clinton admitted his mistakes and used his incredible charm and well-honed TV ads to convince the voters to give him another chance. He won in and again in Voters then supported him for two, four-year terms in and As governor, Clinton championed centrist issues.
He strongly advocated educational reform, appointing Hillary Clinton to lead a committee to draft higher standards for Arkansas schools. One of the administration's proposals called for competence tests for all teachers, a policy development that stirred up a national debate. Governor Clinton's sweeping education reforms positively impacted Arkansas schools, which experienced a decrease in dropout rates and an increase in college-entrance exam test scores under his watch, although the state's overall rankings moved very little.
During Clinton's tenure as governor of Arkansas, he favored capital punishment. He promoted welfare reforms aimed at pushing welfare recipients into the workforce and moved decisively to promote affirmative action—appointing more African Americans to state boards, commissions, and agency posts than all of his predecessors combined.
Additionally, he initiated a style of government that resembled a permanent election campaign. Using the talents of the political consultant Dick Morris, Clinton pushed legislative agendas based upon public opinion polls. The governor and his strategist then built support for their policies through well-orchestrated sales campaigns that used television, leaflets, and telephone banks to pressure state lawmakers.
Setting his sights higher, Clinton used his five terms as Arkansas governor to cultivate a national profile for himself. He soon emerged as one of the leading reform governors in the Democratic Party. In and , Clinton served as chairman of the National Governors Association, speaking on behalf of the nation's governors.
Shrewdly charting a new course, Clinton helped guide the Democratic Leadership Council, a group of moderate Democrats and business people who worked to affect national policies. In and , Governor Clinton led the council's drive to lure back the white male vote into party columns without alienating blacks and women.
With the goal of strengthening and unifying the party, Clinton used his persuasive oratorical skills to argue that the Republicans were using the issue of race to gain political advantages, and that race should not divide Americans who agreed on economic and other social issues. He insisted on pragmatism and moderation in government programs, a centrist platform that emphasized opportunity, jobs, law and order, and responsibility.
This meant that the government should provide opportunities for all citizens when the free market failed, but individuals had to accept the responsibility to work and to contribute to the common civil order.
This linking of the time-honored American enshrinement of work and individualism to a progressive view of the role of government became for Clinton a "New Covenant"—the philosophical perspective behind his reference to himself as a "New Democrat.
In , however, Clinton damaged his chances for higher office. He was picked to give one of the nominating speeches for Michael Dukakis at the Democratic National Convention. He delivered a long, boring speech emphasizing policy and programs that many thought would doom his chances to run for President.
A quickly arranged appearance on the "Tonight Show" with Johnny Carson enabled Clinton to poke fun at his blunder and thus deftly rescue his image before a large national television audience. Grant Rutherford B. Hayes James A. Garfield Chester A. Roosevelt Harry S. Truman Dwight D. Eisenhower John F. Kennedy Lyndon B. Bush Bill Clinton George W. Help inform the discussion Support the Miller Center. University of Virginia Miller Center. Bill Clinton: Life Before the Presidency.
Breadcrumb U. An Education for Leadership Hot Springs High School, although a segregated all-white school, stood heads above most public schools in Arkansas.