What is mindfulness meditation in psychology

what is mindfulness meditation in psychology

What Is Mindfulness Meditation?

Jan 31,  · Mindfulness is often practiced in meditation and some forms of therapy, and many findings from psychological research suggest practicing mindfulness can lead to many benefits, including stress reduction and increased psychological well-being. However, research has also shown that in some cases mindfulness may lead to negative outcomes. Oct 30,  · People have been meditating for thousands of years, often as part of a spiritual practice. But in more recent years, mindfulness has become a popular way to help people manage their stress and improve their overall well-being — and a wealth of research shows it’s effective. Psychologists have found that mindfulness meditation changes our brain and biology in positive ways, improving mental .

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Select personalised ads. Apply market research to generate audience insights. Measure content performance. Develop and improve products. List of Partners vendors. Mindfulness meditation is a mental training practice that teaches you to slow down racing thoughts, let go of negativity, and calm both your mind and body. It combines meditation with the practice of mindfulnesswhich can be defined as a mental state that involves being fully focused on "the now" so you can acknowledge and accept your thoughts, feelings, and sensations without judgment.

Techniques can vary, but in general, mindfulness meditation involves deep breathing and awareness of body and mind. Practicing mindfulness meditation doesn't require props or preparation no need for candles, essential oils, or mantras, unless you enjoy them.

To get started, all you need is a comfortable place to sit, three to five minutes of free time, and a judgment-free mindset. Learning mindfulness meditation is straightforward enough to practice on your own, but a teacher or program can also help you get started, particularly if you're practicing meditation for specific health reasons.

Here are some simple steps to help you get started on your own. Remember, meditation is a practice, so it's never perfect. You are ready to begin now just as you are!

Find a quiet and comfortable place. Sit in a chair or on the floor with your head, neck, and back straight but not stiff.

It's also helpful to wear comfortable, loose clothing so you're not distracted. But being that this practice can be done anywhere for any amount of time, a dress code is not required. While it's not necessary, a timer preferably with a soft, gentle alarm can help you focus on meditation and forget about time—and eliminate any excuses you have for stopping and doing something else.

Since many people lose track of time while meditating, it can also ensure you're not meditating for too long.

Be sure to also allow yourself time after meditation to become aware of where you are and get up gradually. While some people meditate for longer sessions, even a few minutes every day can make a difference. Begin with a short, 5-minute meditation session and increase your sessions by 10 or 15 minutes until you are comfortable meditating for 30 minutes at a time. Become aware of your breath, attuning to the sensation of air moving in and out of your body as you breathe.

Feel your belly rise and fall as the air enters your nostrils and leaves your nostrils. Pay attention to the temperature change when the breath is inhaled versus when it's exhaled. The goal is not to stop your thoughts but to get more comfortable becoming the "witness" to the thoughts. When thoughts come up in your mind, don't ignore or suppress them. Simply note themremain calm, how to write a journal article critique use your breathing as an anchor.

Imagine your thoughts as clouds passing by; watch them float by as they shift and change. Repeat this as often as you need to while you are meditating. If you find yourself getting carried away in your thoughts—whether with worry, fear, anxiety, or hope—observe where your mind went, without judgment, and just return to your breathing.

Don't be hard on yourself if this happens; the practice of returning to your breath and refocusing on the present is the practice of mindfulness. If you're having trouble practicing mindfulness meditation on your own, consider downloading an app like Calm or Headspace that provides free meditations and teaches you a variety what does mmm mean in text tools to help you get centered throughout your day.

Regular practice of mindfulness meditation has benefits for your physical as well as your mental health. Some of these include:. Making mindfulness meditation a regular practice can lead to stronger effects, but that doesn't necessarily mean that you need to do it every day. Studies have found that meditating three to four times per week can have big benefits—and, regularly meditating for eight weeks will actually alter the brain, according to neuroimaging studies.

As you practice mindfulness meditation, it helps to find ways to bring mindfulness into your everyday life —especially on those days when life is too busy to carve out a minute alone. Mindfulness meditation is one technique, but everyday activities and tasks provide plenty of opportunities for mindfulness practice. Getting started with a mindfulness meditation practice can sometimes seem intimidating, but it's important to remember that even a few minutes each day can be beneficial.

Just a few minutes of being present can reap significant benefits. Even if you don't do it every day, it's a practice you can keep coming back to when you need it. Learn the best ways to manage stress and what is ready- to wear in your life. Chiesa A, Serretti A. Mindfulness-based stress reduction for stress management in healthy people: A review and meta-analysis. J Altern Complement Med. Monahan M. Don't Hate, Meditate! New York: Ten Speed Press; Meditation or exercise for preventing acute respiratory infection: A randomized controlled trial.

Ann Fam Med. The effect of mindfulness meditation on sleep quality: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Ann N Y Acad Sci. A systematic review of associations what is daylight light bulbs amount of meditation practice and outcomes in interventions using the four immeasurables meditations.

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I Accept Show Purposes. Table of Contents View All. Table of Contents. What Is Mindfulness Meditation? How to Practice. Mindfulness in Daily Life. Simple Meditation Techniques to Try. Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! Sign Up. What are your concerns? Article Sources. Verywell Mind uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep how to make easy money on fable 3 content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

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Mindfulness is one form of meditation. Meditation utilizes various practices to quiet the mind or achieve a higher level of consciousness, one of which is mindfulness. . Mar 09,  · Although there are variations in the exact definition of mindfulness, John Kabat-Zinn, a leader in the field, defines mindfulness as “the awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose. Mindfulness meditation is a mental training practice that teaches you to slow down racing thoughts, let go of negativity, and calm both your mind and body.

Mindfulness is often practiced in meditation and some forms of therapy, and many findings from psychological research suggest practicing mindfulness can lead to many benefits, including stress reduction and increased psychological well-being. However, research has also shown that in some cases mindfulness may lead to negative outcomes.

While the practice of mindfulness has become increasingly popular over the past couple of decades, its roots can be traced back thousands of years to Hinduism and Buddhism. Hinduism is tied to mindfulness through yoga and meditation, but it was popularized in the West by those who learned about mindfulness through Buddhism. In Buddhism, mindfulness is the first step on the way to enlightenment.

One of the people often credited with bringing mindfulness to the West is Jon Kabat-Zinn , who developed an eight-week Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction program and founded what is now the Center for Mindfulness at the University of Massachusetts Medical School in , after studying Buddhism under several teachers.

Kabat-Zinn integrated Buddhist ideas about mindfulness with scholarly science, making it more accessible to those in the West. Soon, mindfulness made its way into clinical settings with Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy , which has been successful in treating mental health issues such as anxiety and bipolar disorder in people of various ages.

It is believed that Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy is especially valuable for treating individuals who have suffered a relapse of depression. Ultimately, being mindful involves cultivating a state of purposeful attention that avoids judgment.

In order to reach this state, one must let go of the desire to reduce uncertainty in daily life. Research has demonstrated that mindfulness has many benefits. Some of these include:. Numerous studies have focused on the ability of mindfulness meditation and mindfulness-based therapy to reduce stress.

For example, in a study of cancer patients , increased mindfulness was shown to reduce mood disturbances and stress. Similarly, a meta-analysis of 39 studies showed that mindfulness-based therapy treatments were effective at decreasing anxiety. These and numerous other studies demonstrate that cultivating mindfulness through meditation or other mindfulness-based training enables people to be more selective about their emotional experiences , enabling them to regulate and reduce their stress and anxiety while increasing positive emotions.

Given the way mindfulness can help decrease stress, it should come as no surprise that it can also decrease emotional reactivity. In a study by Ortner and colleagues , mindfulness meditation practitioners were presented with emotionally disturbing pictures and then asked to categorize unrelated tones.

Research has also demonstrated that mindfulness meditation can increase focus. In research by Moore and Malinowski , a group experienced with mindfulness meditation was compared with a group with no such experience on tests of concentration.

Another study indicates that mindfulness may also improve working memory. Jha and colleagues investigated the impact of mindfulness meditation on military participants during a stressful time of pre-deployment, as stress has been shown to deplete working memory. One group attended an eight-week mindfulness meditation course but the others did not.

Working memory decreased in the control group, however, in the mindfulness group, working memory decreased in those who spent the least time practicing mindfulness but increased in those who spent the most time practicing. More time practicing mindfulness was also related to an increase in positive affect and a decrease in negative affect.

According to research, practicing mindfulness can reduce the emotional impact of relationship conflicts and helps individuals communicate in social situations. Ultimately, these abilities increase relationship satisfaction. There are many other benefits of mindfulness. They include everything from psychological to cognitive to physical improvements.

For example, studies have shown that mindfulness can improve fear modulation, intuition, and metacognition. Meanwhile, evidence indicates that mindfulness meditation enhances information processing speed while reducing effort and disruptive thoughts.

Finally, being mindful can lead to better immune functioning and the ability to more successfully manage chronic pain. Some research has shown that practicing mindfulness may lead to negative outcomes. For example, one study found that following mindfulness meditation, participants were more likely to form false memories, demonstrating a potential unintended downside to mindfulness.

Those with PTSD tend to avoid thoughts and feelings related to their trauma. However, mindfulness meditation encourages emotional openness, which could lead individuals with PTSD to experience the stressors they previously avoided, potentially leading to re-traumatization. Share Flipboard Email. Cynthia Vinney. Psychology Expert. Cynthia Vinney, Ph. She has co-authored two books on psychology and media engagement.

Updated January 31, Key Takeaways: Mindfulness Mindfulness is a state of in-the-moment awareness in which one avoids judging oneself and others. Mindfulness can be traced back thousands of years to Hinduism and Buddhism, but the practice started to become popular in the West when Jon Kabat-Zinn combined Buddhist mindfulness with scholarly research. Studies have shown that mindfulness can lead to numerous benefits including stress reduction, decreased emotional reactivity, improved focus, increased working memory, and better relationships.

Cite this Article Format. Vinney, Cynthia. What Is Mindfulness in Psychology? What Is Socioemotional Selectivity Theory? What Is Theory of Mind in Psychology? What Is the Contact Hypothesis in Psychology? What Is the Zeigarnik Effect? Definition and Examples. Understanding the Big Five Personality Traits. Systematic Desensitization: Definition, History, Research. What Is Self-Determination Theory?

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